San Marco Basilica, Italian Basilica di San Marco, English Saint Mark’s Basilica, church in Venice that was begun in its original form in 829 (consecrated in 832) as an ecclesiastical structure to house and honour the remains of St. Mark that had been brought from Alexandria. A new phase began for St. Mark’s. The Doge himself was the main celebrant in St. Mark’s, though in the liturgies this role was filled by the “primicerius“, the first of the basilica’s canons, an ecclesiastic with episcopal prerogatives, nominated by the doge whom he represented. Email:, © 2021 - Procuratoria di San Marco di Venezia, The Basilica: political and religious function. Basilica di San Marco A short visitor's guide to St. Mark's Basilica. De Patriarchale Kathedrale Basiliek van San Marco (Basilica Cattedrale Patriarcale di San Marco) is de kathedraal en de grootste kerk van Venetië.Zij ligt aan het San Marcoplein, naast het … St. The most famous pupils of Adriano Willaert were not Venetians. Sint Johannes Marcus, auteur van het Evangelie volgens Marcus; San Marco (Castellabate), een plaats in de Italiaanse gemeente Castellabate (regio Campanië) San Marco (sestiere), een van de zes sestieri of stadsdelen van Venetië San Marcoplein in Venetië; De Basiliek van San Marco in Venetië; De Basiliek van San Marco in Rome Our most popular tours and activities. The vitality of the trends that these three musicians depicted brought about a succession of pressures on the Venetian environment, to such an extent that they forced Cipriano de Rore, the new Flemish maestro named at St. Mark’s Basilica, to waive the position and go to work for Ottavio Farnese, the duke of Parma and Piacenza. Saint Mark’s was the city’s chief monument, temple of civic life as well as of religious faith, bearing witness to the greatness of Venice. riprodotti dal vero in eliotipia da C. Jacobi. ;] The Chapel of San Teodoro was assigned to the school. The XIX century passed with all manner of restrictions. The “fifth era” characterised by a strong instrumental presence in the basilica, opened the new century. This brief period, commonly known as the “second era“, is characterised by the simultaneous presence of two organists to who the important figure of the Maestro of the Chapel, Fleming Pietro de Fossis, was added in 1491. On 12th May 1797 the Serenissima fell to Napoleon’s troops. The current Basilica is built in the shape of a Latin cross and has five domes. Telephone: +39 041 2708311 From the second half of the 16th century and for the most part of the 18th century Venice was one of the most important music centre. The chief exponents were Antonio Lotti and Antonio Biffi, but composers of the calibre of Benedetto Marcello and above all Antonio Vivaldi were not remote and made their important influence felt. It has been regularly present at the basilica’s most important functions for centuries without interruption, and this cultural heritage, this modus cantandi, is immortalised in an unmistakable style that is continuously fuelled under the vaults of St. Mark’s at the source of charisma of the Evangelist artist. In memory of the “Peace of Venice“, the historic event that took place in St. Mark’s in 1177, the names of the protagonists, the most powerful men in Europe, were engraved on the marble floor of the atrium: pope Alexander III and emperor Federico Barbarossa, the peace being organised by the doge of Venice Sebastiano Ziani. Vitale Falier » 1084 – 1096. In the clauses regarding his appointment, Donato had the duty of teaching the seminary’s clergymen figured chant, plainchant and counterpoint. Il doge Partecipazio ordinò subito la costruzione di una chiesa adatta ad accogliere le spoglie del Santo. In the beginning, “otto putti veneti diaconi” (“eight child deacons of Veneto”) were admitted to learn “to sing well” with the gift of one ducat a month. It was only in the second half of the 16th century that musical instruments (other than the organ) started to take on a stable role in liturgical functions. The “sixth era” began with Antonio Buzzolla, active in the basilica from 1850 until 1870. We recommend booking Basilica di San Marco tours ahead of time to secure your spot. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. For about one thousand years it functioned as Ducal Chapel, coming directly under the Doge who nominated its Primicerius, with episcopal authority, and as State Church under the supervision of the Procurators of Saint Mark. De Basiliek van San Marco ( Italiaans: Basilica San Marco) is een basiliek in Rome. It has always been the church where the Venetian people and government have held their highest celebrations. He also had the job of instructing the choristers. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. The “fourth musical era” of the basilica, characterised by one maestro, one deputy maestro and two organists, reached the peak of its splendour with Claudio Monteverdi, who took leave of the Mantuan court to replace Giulio Cesare Martinengo in 1613. Basilica di San Marco Tours & Sightseeing. On 31st January 828 the body of St. Mark was deposited at the Port of Olivolo, welcomed by the local bishop and the Doge Giustiniano Particiaco. The ducal seminary was transferred to Sant’Antonio di Castello, to the building called Sepdale di Messer Ges� Cristo, in 1591. See all 159 Basilica di San Marco tours on Tripadvisor FURTHER INFORMATION. riprodotti dal vero in eliotipia da C. Jacobi. The same thing happened with Flemish movement promoter Claudio Merulo, who in 1584 had to move to Parma with his family. Following the basilica’s consecration in 1094, the first important news in the music circle dates to June 8, 1316, the year a document was written, wherein we read: “Desemo a Maestro Zucchetto ducati 10 per onzamento degl’organi grandi de San Marco li quali era vastadi” (“We’re giving Maestro Zucchetto 10 ducats for maintenance of St. Mark’s major organs”). 30124 Venice Venice > Sightseeing > Basilica di San Marco. This unique group is one of the few remaining in Italy to regularly perform polyphony of merit during the liturgical service, in continuity with its very own tradition. It's free to visit inside, and it's worth your time. By an odd coincidence, the three musicians who opposed the Flemish movement in the wake of Donato and Gabrieli were all named Giovanni: Croce, Bassano and Gabrieli. In 1807 Saint Mark’s became the seat of the Patriarch of Venice and the city cathedral thus closing its thousand years of ducal history. In the course of its history the basilica of Saint Mark played two highly important roles: palatine church, the chapel of the Ducal Palace, and from 1807 city cathedral. In 1377, at a moment of serious danger when the allied Genoese of Chioggia threatened the Republic from close by, the people insisted on Vettor Pisani as commander of the army and took him to St. Mark’s so that the doge could grant him leadership for defence of the city. In the forefront was Andrea Gabrieli, who by reaching evolved polychoral writing, was able to equalize the instrumental and vocal languages. Hotels near Basilica di San Marco: (0.03 mi) Ortona Holidays (0.10 mi) B&B Costaginestre (0.06 mi) Bed & Breakfast Il Grappolo (0.15 mi) B&B Colle Acquabella (2.61 mi) La Casa del Palombaro; View all hotels near Basilica di San Marco on Tripadvisor This crusade represents a great success in the history of Venice since the city not only gained possession of the territories of Byzantium but also plundered its treasures, many of which today form part of the artistic heritage of the Church of St. Mark and its Museum. Documenti per la storia dell'augusta ducale Basilica di San Marco in Venezia : dal nono secola sino alla fine del decimo ottavo dall'Archivio di Stato e dalla Biblioteca marciana in Venezia.. [Ferdinando Ongania; Archivio di Stato di Venezia. The fall of the “Serenissima” in 1797 saw a large downscaling of the importance of the Chapel. In 1201 the old doge Enrico Dandolo assembled in St. Mark’s Crusaders from all over Europe, about to depart for the Holy Land, in order that they might have protection and divine aid. by Durant Imboden. In the meantime, former chant maestro Baldassare Donato was named Maestro of the Chapel of St. Mark. But even afterwards the chapel’s function as proposer of ever-newer ideas remained a constant. 30124 Venice The first mosaics were made under his rule as doge. In 1807 St. Mark’s became the seat of the Patriarch of Venice. At present: Chapel master, Marco Gemmani; Chief organist, Pierpaolo Turetta. Doge Marino Grimani wanted an energetic and strict successor on Donato’s death, who he saw precisely in the person of Croce. It was only in the second half of the 16th century that musical instruments (other than the organ) started to take on a stable role in liturgical functions. Even if other ones, like Duomo, Santa Maria Novella or Santa Croce are more fascinating, this basilica also deserves attention. Beneath the Basilica of San Marco: new light on the origins of Venice - Volume 91 Issue 360 - Albert J. Ammerman, Charlotte L. Pearson, Peter I. Kuniholm, Bruce Selleck, Ettore Vio This date marks the start of the “first musical era” of the basilica, distinguished by the presence of fourteen organists. The construction of the Basilica, which initially was going to be a prolongation of the Palazzo Ducale, began in 828 to house Saint Mark’s relics which had been smuggled out of Alexandria. With a profusion of domes and more than 8000 sq metres of luminous mosaics, Venice's basilica is unforgettable. Baldassare Donato’s animated opposition continued with the activity of one of his followers, Giovanni Croce, to whom he had taught chant and composition. The basilica is the national church of Venice in Rome. In 1565, at the age of eight, he was presented as a contralto in order to be taken into the Chapel of St. Mark, at the time under Zarlino. Nonetheless, Zarlino remained the charismatic figure of the traditionalist movement, representing it influentially both officially and in his capacity as composer and theoretician. He is buried in the atrium. He was named deputy maestro in 1594 on Donato’s suggestion, who in the meantime went on to manage the Chapel following Zarlino’s death. Recommended. San Marco is a minor basilica in Rome dedicated to St. Mark the Evangelist located in the small Piazza di San Marco adjoining Piazza Venezia. There was a particular preference for wind instruments in St. Mark’s Basilica. St. Mark’s was also a point of reference for merchants and sailors who, journeying by land and sea, enriched it with precious gifts, marbles and art treasure, all with the wish to contribute to keeping this monument great and rich as testimony of the greatness of Venice. The orchestra was gradually reduced until its disappearance at the end of the century and the chapel was deprived of its sharp notes. Vedute, mosaici, marmi. 1881 -- [III] Mosaici non compresi negli spaccati geometrici nell' interno della basilica. 1881 -- [IV] Dettagli del pavimento ed ornamenti in mosaico. Basilica di San Marco, Venice: 895 answers to 143 questions about Basilica di San Marco: See 28,570 reviews, articles, and 14,182 photos of Basilica di San Marco, ranked No.4 on Tripadvisor among 1,832 attractions in Venice. In the course of its history the basilica of Saint Mark played two highly important roles: palatine church, the chapel of the Ducal Palace, and from 1807 city cathedral. ; Biblioteca nazionale marciana. Vedute, mosaici, marmi. By the will of the Venetian government with its decree of June 18 1403, the Chapel of St. Mark was also a music school. It is the beginning of the so-called “third era“. It was only between the 8th and 9th centuries that the legend spread of Mark’s preaching in the Venetian lagoon area, and in particular in the Roman city of Aquileia which was proud of its faith in Christ being founded on Mark’s evangelising. Email:, © 2021 - Procuratoria di San Marco di Venezia, The Basilica: political and religious function. On the orders of Napoleon the cathedral was transferred from the ancient seat of San Pietro di Castello to St Mark’s which thus lost its function of Doge’s Chapel and became the city cathedral. One for the “zaghi di chiesa” (“younger priests of the church”) and the other for the “pupils of the ducal seminary”, they educated choristers, players and composers sought after by the musical world of the time. Ancient minor basilica The Basilica San Marco Evangelista is one of those treasures of Rome overlooked by visitors. In 1489 Fra Urbano placed the left organ – called the first organ – and Francesco Dana inaugurated it on August 20, 1490. De aan de evangelist Marcus gewijde basiliek San Marco ligt aan het kleine Piazza San Marco, dat aan alle kanten wordt omsloten door de Piazza Venezia, en maakt sinds de vijftiende eeuw deel uit van het Palazzo Venezia . The relics were first placed in a corner of the Ducal Palace to await building of the new basilica that was to house them. Although the current building is from the eleventh century, it has been renovated and modified throughout the centuries. Numerous instrumental and vocal combinations were experimented in St. Mark’s. If you book with Tripadvisor, you can cancel up to 24 hours before your tour starts for a full refund. Original facade of St. Mark's Basilica Lithography, 1857 The first St Mark's was a building next to the Doge's Palace, ordered by the doge in 828. It was first built in 336 by Pope Mark, whose remains are in an urn located below the main altar. St. Mark’s was a place of meeting and prayer for the Venetians also in moments of great pain such as in 1576 when the vote was given to build a temple to Christ the Redeemer and in 1630 a temple to the Virgin in order to be freed from terrible plagues, and lastly in 1797 when Venice saw the end of its independence. The century closed under the guidance of highly famous maestro and composer, Baldassarre Galuppi, known as “il buranello”.